Conv-MPN: Convolutional Message Passing Neural Network for Structured Outdoor Architecture Reconstruction

Fuyang Zhang*, Nelson Nauata* and Yasutaka Furukawa


Figure 1. Conv-MPN, a novel message passing neural network, reconstructs outdoor buildings as planar graphs from a single image. The reconstructions after 0, 1, or 3 iterations of message passing are as shown.


This paper proposes a novel message passing neural (MPN) architecture Conv-MPN, which reconstructs an outdoor building as a planar graph from a single RGB image. Conv-MPN is specifically designed for cases where nodes of a graph have explicit spatial embedding. In our problem, nodes correspond to building edges in an image. Conv-MPN is different from MPN in that 1) the feature associated with a node is represented as a feature volume instead of a 1D vector; and 2) convolutions encode messages instead of fully connected layers. Conv-MPN learns to select a true subset of nodes (i.e., building edges) to reconstruct a building planar graph. Our qualitative and quantitative evaluations over 2,000 buildings show that Conv-MPN makes significant improvements over the existing fully neural solutions. We believe that the paper has a potential to open a new line of graph neural network research for structured geometry reconstruction.


[Arxiv] [Supp.] [Bibtex]


Check the code on this repo.


This research is partially supported by NSERC Discovery Grants, NSERC Discovery Grants Accelerator Supplements, and DND/NSERC Discovery Grant Supplement. This research is also supported by the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) via Department of Interior / Interior Business Center (DOI/IBC) contract number D17PC00288. The U.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Governmental purposes notwithstanding any copyright annotation thereon. The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of IARPA, DOI/IBC, or the U.S. Government.